Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific. Sometimes this is informally called a "top-down" approach. We might begin with thinking. Importance of Inductive and Deductive Approaches in Geographical Researches Md Kaikubad Ali Research Scholar, Dept. of Geography, Aligarh Muslim. A deductive approach to teaching language starts by giving learners rules, then examples, then practice. It is a teacher-centred approach to presenting new content. This is compared with an inductive approach, which starts with examples and asks learners to find rules, and hence is more learner-centred.


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American Sociological Review, 69, 64— We then tested our deductive approach by analyzing the survey data. In general, we found support for the theory that posited that the deductive approach gender system, in which heteronormative men wield the most power in the workplace, explained workplace sexual harassment—not just of adult women but of younger women and men as well.

Social Research Methods - Knowledge Base - Deduction & Induction

Presented at the meetings of the Deductive approach Sociological Association. Researchers may not always set out to employ both approaches in their work but sometimes find that their use of one approach leads them to the other. Investigating the social world: Deductive approach process and practice of research.

The specific deterrent effects of arrest for domestic assault.

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American Sociological Review, 49, — Deductive approach, Sherman and Berk hypothesized that deterrence theory would provide a better explanation of the effects of arresting accused batterers than deductive approach theory. Deterrence theory predicts that arresting an accused spouse batterer will reduce future incidents of violence.

Conversely, labeling theory predicts that arresting accused spouse batterers will increase future incidents.

The deterrent effect of arrest in incidents of domestic violence: Deductive approach Bayesian analysis of four field experiments. American Sociological Review, 57, —; Pate, A.

Inductive and deductive approaches to research

Formal and informal deterrents to domestic violence: The Dade county spouse assault experiment. American Sociological Review, 57, —; Sherman, L. Crime, punishment, and stake in conformity: Legal and informal control deductive approach domestic violence.

American Sociological Review, 57, — Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses.

Even though a particular study may look like it's purely deductive deductive approach.


In fact, it doesn't take a rocket scientist to see that we could assemble the two graphs above into a single circular one that continually cycles from theories down to observations and back deductive approach again to theories.

Even in the most constrained experiment, the researchers may observe patterns in the data that lead them to deductive approach new theories.


This was because of the deductive approach of the geographers on metaphysical world views teleological approaches. It was believed that the changes in the phenomena were caused by law of nature. However there were geographers who put emphasis on empirical observation and studied geography inductively.

Modern geographical time period starts with two great Deductive approach geographers viz.