FIBERS AND FABRICS PDF

Fiber is the basic filament from which yarn is spun which is further woven into fabric. Fibers can be natural like cotton, flax, hemp, wool or silk or synthetic such as polyester, nylon, acrylic etc. Then there are natural manmade fibers such as rayon, viscose or modal. Textile fibres can be created from many natural sources as well as semisynthetic methods that use naturally occurring polymers, and synthetic methods that use. Synthetic fibers and synthetic fabrics consist of bulk fibers, yarns, woven cloth or other textile products manufactured from polymer-based materials such as polyamide (nylon), polyester, aramid, or other spun thermoplastics. The end-product is the form of the fiber/fabric when manufacturing is complete.


FIBERS AND FABRICS PDF

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FIBERS AND FABRICS PDF


In the production of these fibers and fabrics, the cellulose is reduced to a fairly pure form as a viscous mass and formed into fibers by extrusion through spinnerets. Besides, there are so many fibres such as - metallic fibre, carbon fibre, silicon carbide fibre, fibreglass, mineral fibre, polymer fibre, microfibre.

Of course, there are also dietary fibre, molded fibre, nerve fibre, optical fibre etc. Yarn - when there is more than one fibre interlocked, it is fibers and fabrics yarn.

FIBERS AND FABRICS PDF

A long continuous strand of interlocked or twisted fibres is yarn - which could be used for knitting, weaving, braiding, crocheting, embroidering, stitching, textiles etc.

Fabric - When yarn is knitted or weaved or felted fibers and fabrics, it becomes fabric. Fabric is a flexible material consisting fibers and fabrics a network of natural or artificial synthetic fibre.

BBC - GCSE Bitesize: Types of fibre

Plant fibers fibers and fabrics employed in the manufacture of paper and textile clothfibers and fabrics dietary fiber is an important component of human nutrition. Wood fiberdistinguished from vegetable fiber, is from tree sources. Forms include groundwoodlacebarkthermomechanical pulp TMPand bleached or unbleached kraft or sulfite pulps.

Kraft and sulfite also called sulphite refer to the type of pulping process used to remove the lignin bonding the original wood structure, thus freeing the fibers for use in paper and engineered wood products such as fiberboard.

Animal fibers consist largely of particular proteins. Instances are silkworm silkspider silksinew fibers and fabrics, catgutwoolsea silk and hair such as cashmere woolmohair and angora fibers and fabrics, fur such as sheepskin, rabbit, mink, fox, beaver, etc.

Mineral fibers include the asbestos group.

Intro to Fibers & Fabrics

They are continuous filament fibres, which means the fibres are long and do not always have to be spun into yarn. Sources of synthetic fibres Viscose fibers and fabrics from pine trees or petrochemicals.

Acrylic, nylon and polyester come from oil and coal.