We deal in new, refurbished and used equipment which is supplied to oil/gas well Rental company providing full range of drilling equipment, handling tools. This article lists the main components of a petroleum onshore drilling rig. Offshore drilling rigs Degasser (not pictured) is a device that separates air and/or gas from the drilling fluid. It is typically mounted on top of the mud tanks. Derrick (#14). Rig refers to the drilling Rig or the oil Rig. Rig Solutions are proffered by the offshore oil platforms that house workers for drilling wells in the ocean bed and extract oil and natural gas. The Rig Solutions also deal with the processing of fluids as well as shipping and piping them to the shore.
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Oil & Gas Directory - Drilling Equipment | Rigzone
Explanation[ edit ] Bell nipple 22 is a section of large diameter pipe fitted to the top of the blowout preventers that the flow line attaches to via a side outlet, to allow the drilling mud to flow back to the mud tanks. Blowout preventers BOPs 23 and 24 are devices installed at the wellhead to prevent fluids and gases from unintentionally escaping from the wellbore.
Casing head 27 is a large metal flange welded or oil and gas drilling equipment onto the top of the conductor pipe also known as drive-pipe or the casing and is used to bolt the surface equipment such oil and gas drilling equipment the blowout preventers for well drilling or the Christmas tree oil well for well production.
Centrifuge not pictured is an industrial version of the device that separates fine silt and sand from the drilling fluid. It is typically mounted on top or just off of the mud tanks. Crown block 13 is the stationary end of the block and tackle. It is typically mounted on top of the mud tanks.
List of components of oil drilling rigs - Wikipedia
Derrick 14 is the support structure for the equipment used to lower and raise the drill string into and out of the wellbore.
This consists of the sub-structure structure below the drill floor level and the mast. Typically mounted on top of the mud tanks. Drill bit 26 is a device attached to the end of the drill string that oil and gas drilling equipment apart the rock being drilled.
It contains jets through which the drilling fluid exits. Drill floor 21 is the area on the rig where the tools are located to make the connections of the drill pipe, bottom hole assembly, tools and bit.
It is considered the main area where work is performed. Drill line 12 is thick, stranded metal cable threaded through the two blocks traveling and crown to raise and lower the drill string. Drill pipe 16 is a joint of hollow tubing used to connect the surface equipment to the bottom hole assembly BHA and acts oil and gas drilling equipment a conduit for the drilling fluid.
In the diagram, these are stands of drill pipe which are 2 or 3 joints of drill pipe connected and stood in the derrick vertically, usually to save time while tripping pipe. Drill string 25 is an assembled collection of drill pipe, heavy weight drill pipe, oil and gas drilling equipment collars and any of a whole assortment of tools, connected and run into the wellbore to facilitate the drilling of a well.
The collection is referred to singularly as the drill string.
Elevators not pictured are hinged devices that oil and gas drilling equipment used to latch to the drill pipe or casing to facilitate the lowering or lifting of pipe or casing into or out of the wellbore.
Flow line 28 is large diameter pipe that is attached to the bell nipple and extends to the shale shakers to facilitate the flow of drilling fluid back to the mud tanks.
Goose-neck 10 is a thick metal elbow connected to the swivel and standpipe that supports the weight of and provides a downward angle for the kelly hose to hang from. Kelly drive 19 is a square, hexagonal or octagonal shaped tubing that is inserted through and is an integral part of the rotary table that moves freely vertically while the rotary table turns it.
Kelly hose 9 is a flexible, high pressure hose that connects the standpipe to the kelly or more specifically to the gooseneck on the swivel above the kelly and allows free vertical movement of the kelly, while facilitating the flow of the drilling fluid through oil and gas drilling equipment system and down the drill string.
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Racking board 15 is the catwalk along the oil and gas drilling equipment of the derrick usually about 35 or 40 feet above the "floor". The monkey board is where the derrick man works while "tripping" pipe. Mud motor not pictured is a hydraulically powered device positioned just above the drill bit used to spin the bit independently from the rest of the drill string.
Mud pump 4 is a reciprocal type of pump used to circulate drilling fluid through the system.
Mud tank 1 is often called mud pits and stores drilling fluid until it is required down the wellbore. Setback 17 is a part of the drill floor 21 where the stands of drill pipe are stood upright.