The Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica), also known as the Amur tiger, is a tiger subspecies inhabiting mainly the Sikhote Alin mountain region with a small. SubspeciesPanthera tigris altaicaSiberian tiger. ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store! The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket. Etymology[edit]. New Latin, from Latin panthera (“leopard”) + tigris (“tiger”) + altaica. Proper noun[edit]. Panthera tigris altaica f. A taxonomic subspecies within.


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Results of this study indicate that their distribution is closely associated with distribution of wapitiwhile distribution of wild boar was not such a strong predictor for tiger distribution. Although they prey on both Siberian panthera tigris altaica deer and sika deeroverlap of these ungulates with tigers was low.

Distribution of moose was poorly associated with tiger distribution.

Panthera tigris altaica

The distribution of preferred habitat of key prey species was panthera tigris altaica accurate predictor of tiger distribution. Interspecific predatory relationships Taxidermy exhibit portraying a tiger fighting a brown bearVladivostok Museum Following a decrease of ungulate populations from tomore than 32 cases[ quantify ] of Amur tigers attacking both brown and Asian black bears were recorded in the Russian Far Eastand hair of bears were found in several tiger scat samples.

Tigers attack Asian black bears less often than brown bears, as latter live in more open habitat and are not able panthera tigris altaica climb trees. In the same time period, four cases of brown bears killing female and young tigers were reported, both in disputes over prey and in self-defense.

Tigers can tackle bears larger than themselves, using an ambushing tactic and jumping onto the bear from an overhead position, grabbing it by the chin with one fore paw and by the throat with the other, and then killing it with a bite in the spinal panthera tigris altaica.

Reports of preying on fully grown small female adult Ussuri brown bears by a big male tiger are common as well. In the winters of —, Yudakov and Nikolaev recorded two cases of bears showing no fear of tigers and another case of a brown bear changing path upon crossing tiger tracks.


A report from panthera tigris altaica twelve known cases of brown bears killing tigers, including adult males; in all cases the tigers were subsequently eaten by the bears. Numerous publications on these species there are mainly episodic and survey data on this issue are collected by panthera tigris altaica authors in selected areas which do not give a complete picture of the nature.

Wolves appear capable of escaping competitive exclusion from tigers only when human pressure decreases tiger numbers.

Panthera tigris altaica - Wiktionary

In areas where wolves and tigers share ranges, the two species typically display a great deal of dietary panthera tigris altaica, resulting in intense competition. Wolf and tiger interactions are well documented in Sikhote-Alinwhere until the beginning of the 20th century, very few wolves were sighted.

Panthera tigris altaica numbers may have increased in the region after tigers were largely eliminated during the Russian colonization in the late 19th century and early 20th century. This is corroborated by native inhabitants of the region claiming that they had no memory of wolves inhabiting Sikhote-Alin until the s, when tiger numbers decreased.


Today, wolves are considered scarce in tiger habitat, being found in scattered pockets, and usually seen travelling as loners or in small groups. First hand panthera tigris altaica on interactions between the two species indicate that tigers occasionally chase wolves from their kills, while wolves will scavenge from tiger kills.

Tigers are not known to prey on wolves, though there are four records of tigers killing wolves without consuming them. Eurasian lynx remains have been found in the stomach contents of Siberian tigers in Russia. The lynx had apparently been ambushed, pursued, and killed by the tiger but only partially consumed, which indicates that the tiger might have been more intent on eliminating a competitor than on panthera tigris altaica prey.

This incident panthera tigris altaica one of the first documented cases of predation of a lynx by a tiger. Most putative subspecies described in the 19th and 20th centuries were distinguished on basis of fur length and coloration, striping patterns and body size, hence characteristics that vary widely within populations.

Morphologicallytigers from different regions vary little, and gene flow between populations in those regions is considered to have been possible during the Pleistocene. Panthera tigris altaica, it was proposed to recognize only two tiger subspecies as valid, namely P.

Amur Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) | WWF

Results support distinction of the two evolutionary groups continental and Sunda tigers. However, although these full range surveys provide fairly reliable information on tiger numbers, the panthera tigris altaica and financial levels of commitment make them infeasible to conduct on a regular basis.


Population trends can be deduced from smaller-scale monitoring in smaller representative areas, focusing on parameters including tiger track density, local expert assessments of numbers, presence of females with young, prey abundance and other variables.

The objective was to identify panthera tigris altaica organic compound VOC composition and odors emitted by total marking fluid MF associated with Siberian tigers Panthera tigris altaica.

At the eleventh hour this subspsecies panthera tigris altaica pulled back from the brink of extinction. InRussia became the first country in the world to ban tiger hunting and grant tigers full protection. Hunting of the main prey species, boar and deer, became restricted by annual quota based on the results of population counts.

Epub May Neocortical neuronal morphology in the Siberian Tiger Panthera tigris altaica and the clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa.